History, development and importance
Football goes back thousands of years, whereas,in ancient China, Greece and Rome have played similar games.In Japan still play a similar game called “kemari.”Officially homeland of this sport is considered England where are laid the first football rulesand for official birth date is considered the year 1863.The first informal joint rules are created by the University of Cambridge in 1846. In 1880 the Football Association of England, fearing the loss of connection with Scotland, invited the latter together with Wales, Northern Ireland and local organizations to form a joint committee. Initially, due to the refusal of Scotland, such is not formed, but later they agreed to get involved. The first general meeting was held in 1882. At that time, only this committee has the right to amend the rules of the game. On March 2, 1888 Head of the English team Birmingham Aston Villa sent letters to clubs Blackburn Rovers, Bolton Wanderers, Preston North End and West Bromwich Albion, in which he expresses his disappointment with the fact that fewer people attend football matches, and they themselves are not enough to fill the entire calendar year. So he brought the idea to create a regular tournament with the participation of a number of teams and the use of a circular system in the conduct of football matches. Three weeks later, five clubs are collected and established league, and the head of Aston Villa, McGregor was elected president. The start of the championship is on 8 September 1888. The first champion of England Preston North End to win the FA Cup in the same year without allowing a single goal in the tournament. Scots and Irish follow suit two years later. In 1891 introduces side judges and the award of a penalty kick (penalty). In 1898 introduces a promotion and relegation between the top two divisions of English football.Football is played every day by millions of people in over 200 countries. Certainly his simple rules and almost missing requirements help spread and increase its popularity. In many parts of the world, especially in Europe, South America and increasingly in Africa, football causes big emotions and plays an important role in the daily life of individual fans, local communities and even entire countries. Millions of people play in amateur teams or regularly visit stadiums to support their favorites, or just watch football matches on TV, the Internet or listeners on the radio. Media rights for the broadcasting of football matches and tournaments are the main revenue that clubs are financed. Kotdivoarskata civil war is brought to a temporary truce after the national team qualified for the World Cup finals in 2006. With opposite charge are the events of 1969, when football passions are cause for the outbreak of the so-called. Football war between El Salvador and Honduras.